Create View as Sql Server

admin3 April 2024Last Update :

Unlocking the Power of Views in SQL Server

In the realm of database management, efficiency and organization are paramount. SQL Server, a widely-used database system, offers a powerful feature known as ‘views’ to enhance both. Views are virtual tables that provide a customizable window into your data. They can simplify complex queries, enhance security, and improve performance. In this article, we’ll dive deep into the concept of creating views in SQL Server, exploring their benefits, usage, and best practices.

Understanding SQL Server Views

Before we delve into the creation of views, it’s essential to understand what a view is and why it’s beneficial. A view is a saved SQL query that can be treated as a table. It does not store data physically; instead, it provides a snapshot of data at the time of execution. Views can encapsulate complex joins, filters, and calculations, presenting the data in a simplified format for the end-user or application.

Advantages of Using Views

  • Security: Views can restrict access to specific rows or columns, providing an additional layer of security.
  • Simplicity: They can turn complex queries into simple, reusable components.
  • Consistency: Views ensure that the underlying query logic remains consistent for all users.
  • Performance: Views can be indexed, potentially improving query performance.

Creating a Basic View in SQL Server

Creating a view in SQL Server is straightforward. The basic syntax for creating a view is as follows:

CREATE VIEW view_name AS
SELECT column1, column2, ...
FROM table_name
WHERE condition;

Let’s consider a simple example. Suppose we have a table named Employees with columns for ID, Name, Department, and Salary. We want to create a view that shows only the Name and Department of employees from the ‘IT’ department.

SELECT Name, Department
FROM Employees
WHERE Department = 'IT';

This view, IT_Employees, now acts as a virtual table that we can query just like a regular table.

Advanced View Creation with Joins and Aggregations

Views can also encapsulate more complex queries involving joins, aggregations, and grouping. For instance, if we want to create a view that shows the total salary expenditure for each department, we could use the following SQL statement:

CREATE VIEW DepartmentSalaryCost AS
SELECT Department, SUM(Salary) AS TotalSalary
FROM Employees
GROUP BY Department;

This view will display a list of departments alongside the total salary for each, calculated at the time the view is queried.

Indexed Views for Performance Optimization

SQL Server allows the creation of indexed views, which can significantly improve query performance. An indexed view has a unique clustered index, which stores the view’s data result set on disk. This can be particularly beneficial for views that involve complex calculations or aggregations.

Creating an Indexed View

To create an indexed view, you must first create the view with the SCHEMABINDING option, which binds the view to the schema of the underlying tables. Then, you can create a unique clustered index on the view. Here’s an example:

SELECT Department, SUM(Salary) AS TotalSalary
FROM dbo.Employees
GROUP BY Department;

ON DepartmentSalaryCost (Department);

This indexed view now stores the aggregated data on disk, making subsequent queries against it much faster.

Best Practices for Using Views in SQL Server

While views can be incredibly useful, there are best practices to follow to ensure they serve your needs effectively:

  • Use views for abstraction: Views can abstract the underlying table structures, making database refactoring easier.
  • Avoid nesting views: Nested views can lead to performance issues; instead, try to create a single, well-structured view.
  • Consider security: Use views to provide necessary data access while protecting sensitive information.
  • Index strategically: Indexed views can improve performance but come with overhead. Use them judiciously.

Updating Data Through Views

Views are not just for data retrieval; you can also update data through them. However, there are limitations. For a view to be updatable, it must adhere to certain rules, such as not containing any of the following:

  • Aggregations (SUM, COUNT, etc.)
  • Distinct keyword
  • Multiple base tables in the FROM clause
  • Set operations like UNION, INTERSECT, or EXCEPT

If the view is updatable, you can perform INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE operations as you would with a regular table.

Common Use Cases for Views in SQL Server

Views can be leveraged in various scenarios to enhance database functionality and management. Some common use cases include:

  • Data Security: Creating views that expose only non-sensitive data to certain users.
  • Reporting: Using views to generate standardized reports.
  • Complex Query Simplification: Encapsulating complex queries within views to simplify application development.
  • Data Aggregation: Creating views to display summarized or aggregated data.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can views in SQL Server improve query performance?

Yes, views can improve query performance, especially when indexed views are used. However, the performance gain depends on the complexity of the queries and how the views are structured.

Are there any limitations to what can be done with views in SQL Server?

Views have certain limitations, such as restrictions on updating data when certain elements like aggregations or set operations are used in the view definition.

How do views enhance database security?

Views can enhance security by providing a layer of abstraction. Users can be granted permission to access the view without having direct access to the underlying tables, thus limiting their access to the data.

Can views be used across different databases in SQL Server?

Yes, views can reference tables from different databases within the same SQL Server instance using three-part naming (database.schema.table).


Views are a versatile feature in SQL Server that can simplify data access, enhance security, and potentially improve performance. By understanding how to create and use views effectively, database administrators and developers can build more efficient and secure database applications. Whether for reporting, data abstraction, or query optimization, views are an essential tool in the SQL Server arsenal.

Remember that while views are powerful, they should be used judiciously and in accordance with best practices to avoid potential pitfalls. With the insights provided in this article, you’re now equipped to harness the full potential of views in your SQL Server environment.


For further reading and a deeper understanding of views in SQL Server, consider exploring the following resources:

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Comments Rules :

Breaking News